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This project is a multi-national EEG normative initiative for creating international standards for MEEG analysis, under the focus of the Global Brain Consortium (GBC). The initiative is led by Dr. Pedro Valdes-Sosa, at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) and it joins several scientists all around the world.


The pilot phase of the project started in March 2021. This initial proof of concept aims to calculate populational normative descriptors at the scalp level and with a reduced set of 19 electrodes of the international 1020 system.

Resting state (eyes closed) EEG data from 1586 healthy subjects have been collected from 15 research groups, located in 9 countries across the Americas, Europe, and Asia.

Data Cohorts

  • Barbados
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Cuba
  • Germany
  • Malaysia
  • Russia
  • Switzerland
  • USA


    Creating Signatures to describe EEG activity

  • Create “qEEG signature” descriptors of the EEG spectra maturation, in a wide range of age and a narrow frequency range, for large populations, which take into consideration different ethnicity, culture, sex and other socio-economical indices.
  • Developing methodologies for data harmonization across cohorts

    Data Standardization and Quality Control

  • Validating and standardizing EEG preprocessing toolboxes for clean-EEG selection (e.g., artifact rejection).
  • Data harmonization for conjoint use of EEG recordings gathered with different devices, technical conditions, and countries.
  • Creating Quality Control mechanisms for accessing data quality and validity, as well as automatic preprocessing algorithms performance.
  • Development of methods for automatic detection of outliers, to assess signal quality.
  • Multivariate measurements for the comparison of different EEG cohorts.

    Novel Normative Methodologies

  • Metrics for assessing deviations from normality.
  • Multivariate methodologies to calculate normative regressions for MEEG data, and to create normative surfaces, rather than single variable norms.
  • Methods for estimating the spectra at the MEEG sources, more appropriate for connectivity analysis.
  • Calculation of normative parameters both at the scalp and the sources, in the whole frequency range, for different inverse estimators.


University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China

Pedro A. Valdes-Sosa

Deirel Paz-Linares

Shiang Hu

Min Li

Maria L. Bringas-Vega

Ariosky Areces-Gonzalez

Xu Lei

Rigel Wang

Dezhong Yao

Ying Wang

Montreal Neurological Institute, Canada

Alan C. Evans

Jorge F. Bosch-Bayard

Christine Rogers

Cuban Neuroscience Center (CNeuro), Cuba

Lidice Galan-Garcia

Mitchell J. Valdes-Sosa

Ana Calzada Reyes

Trinidad A. Virues-Alba

Eduardo Aubert-Vazquez

Federal Research Center for Information and Computational Technologies, Russia

Pavel Rudych

Institute of Cytology and Genetics Siberian Branch, Russia

Alexander N. Savostyanov

Nataliya S. Milakhina

Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia

Carlos A. Tobon-Quintero

John F. Ochoa-Gomez

Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Mohd Faizal

Mohd Zulkifly

Jafri Malin Abdullah

Hazim Omar

Muhammad R. Abdul Rahman

Aini Ismafairus Abd Hamid

Faruque Reza

University of Zurich, Switzerland

Marius Tröndle

Nicolas Langer

University Hospital of Clinical Psychiatry, Bern, Switzerland

Thomas Koenig

Brain Research Laboratories, New York University, USA

Leslie Prichep

Mass General Hospital for Children, Boston, USA

Janina Galler

Centro Internacional de Restauracion Neurológica (CIREN), Cuba

Lilia Morales-Chacon


Daysi Garcia

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Germany

Arno Villringer (Director)